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Get true answers from experts in Genetics & DNA.
This article is to provide a step by step process to translate DNA into mRNA into tRNA into amino acids. Giving a step by step procedure to follow to identify, locate, and translate to the appropriate strands. Throughout this article, shortcuts or ‘hints’ are also revealed in how to remember which strands are to match up when translated.
Published by Stephanie Fung 65 months ago in Genetics & DNA | +0 votes | 0 comments
Overviews bacteriophage as a nonliving virus relying on their host to compose multiple copies of their biosynthetic machinery. Reviewing the debate of who proclaimed the true discovery of bacteriophage due to the publications of their independent discoveries. Summarizes the structure and lytic life cycle of the virus and how this function acts as a model organism for scientists working in the labs.
Published by Janine Fernandez 65 months ago in Genetics & DNA | +0 votes | 0 comments
Most individuals studying Genetics find themselves confusing the many different kinds of RNA with each other. The following is a breakdown of the different kinds of RNA and their functions. First a brief background of RNA:a ribonucleic acid, and an essential part of processes such as protein synthesis. RNA is made up of nucleotides that are made up of a ribose sugar, a phosphate group, and a base(A,C,G,U).
Published by Ramona Barragan 65 months ago in Genetics & DNA | +0 votes | 0 comments
Although DNA is now regarded as the genetic material for organisms, at one point in time it was hotly contested. For instance, some scientists at the time believed that proteins were the source of genetic material due to the fact that they composed of 20 amino acids versus the 4 nucleotides that make up DNA and could therefore code for more information. However several experiments helped prove that DNA was indeed genetic material necessary for life:
Published by Julio Zamora 65 months ago in Genetics & DNA | +0 votes | 0 comments
Composed of protein encoding genes, DNA is the first step to the organization of a cell and all of its functions. To ensure proper function by encoding proteins, DNA must first create a template of specific sequences known as mRNA. Following transcription, the ribosome is utilized, as an essential cellular component, to translate mRNA. The final product is the newly synthesized protein.
Published by Natalie LaCorte 65 months ago in Genetics & DNA | +0 votes | 0 comments
Alcohol can shut down motor skills in organism leading to sedation. The exposure to ethanol vapors in Drosophila proves that when an organisms becomes induced in alcohol movement decreases. Initially alcohol causes a startling response but over time decreases locomotion. The patterns of alcohol exposure to flies can be correlated to humans.
Published by Ben Ziman 65 months ago in Genetics & DNA | +0 votes | 0 comments
This article describes the basics of biologyÂ’s central dogma: DNA to RNA to Protein. It includes the processes of transcription of a DNA gene segment into a messenger RNA molecule and the process of translating that mRNA molecule into its corresponding protein. This article also includes regulations of the processes and important proteins responsible for their entire completions.
Published by Daniel Ramirez 65 months ago in Genetics & DNA | +0 votes | 0 comments
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) is a fascinating tool of science discoved in 1983 by researcher Kary Mullis. His discovery led the scientific community into a new era where DNA amplification could happen with a couple of hours. The PCR process has become a staple in most every genetic lab due to its invaluable ability to save time and energy. A deeper understanding of the inner workings of the PCR process provides one with a greater appreciation for the advances that science has made through t...
Published by Jennifer Liberto 65 months ago in Genetics & DNA | +0 votes | 0 comments
This article explains the importance of the isolation of Taq polymerase and how it affected the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) procedure. Readers will learn the importance of Taq polymerase and how it transformed the PCR method. Readers will also learn the three important of steps of PCR and why PCR is useful in genetics and science today.
Published by Bouapanh Lor 65 months ago in Genetics & DNA | +0 votes | 0 comments
This article is to provide a step by step process to translate DNA into mRNA into tRNA into amino acids.Giving a step by step procedure to follow to identify, locate, and translate to the appropriate strands. Throughout this article, shortcuts or ‘hints’ are also revealed in how to remember which strands are to match up when translated.
Published by Stephanie Fung 65 months ago in Genetics & DNA | +0 votes | 0 comments
The Lac operon is a group of genes all transcribed at the same time. It is used in Escherichia Coli to breakdown Lactose into glucose and fructose by breaking the 1,4-glycosidic linkage between Lactose. Certain proteins such as CAP must be present along with cAMP for the operon to be switched on.
Published by Max Thorwald 65 months ago in Genetics & DNA | +0 votes | 0 comments
In the early 1980Â’s there was much debate occurring between scientists on which macromolecule in the cells carried genetic information. Many scientists during that day argued that proteins were the place where genetic information was stored and not DNA, merely because DNA was too simple; it had only 4 bases, while proteins had 20 different structures. However, through three very famous experiments, this theory was proven wrong and the debate was settled, and DNA was confirmed to be the gen...
Published by Juliane Liberto 65 months ago in Genetics & DNA | +0 votes | 0 comments
This article describes the meaning of bipolar disorder and the causes of it, starting with hormonal which will then lead to genetics. Bipolar disorder is usually seen as a disease discussed in most psychological aspects but the actual genetic factors behind it have not been discussed on a high level.
Published by Zuneda Khan 65 months ago in Genetics & DNA | +0 votes | 0 comments
This article is on telomeres, the repetitive regions of nucleotide sequences, at the ends of chromosomes. It will discuss a recent topic that Dr. Richard Cawthon research, when he hypothesized the people with longer telomeres live longer than people with smaller telomeres. What his research found was very interesting and is discussed in the article.
Published by Ravikesh Kumar 65 months ago in Genetics & DNA | +0 votes | 0 comments
This article discusses facts about “designer babies,” relating to its cost, ethics, benefits and dangers. This colloquial term is used to describe children created through Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD), where embryos are screened before In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF), and then implanted into the womb. Increased regulation and evaluation of of PGD in the United States is necessary to ensure its safety.
Published by Stacey Van 65 months ago in Genetics & DNA | +2 votes | 1 comments
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