Genetic Engineering Today
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Genetic Engineering Today

What is new in the science world today? Genetic Engineering is a big topic that is being studied to prevent disease, increase agriculture growth rates, and help develop vaccines. There is much research being done on it and so far the results look very hopeful. Could it be possible that in the years to come the world will be cancer and diabetes free?

In today’s world, the field of science is expanding rapidly. One of the more innovating ideas that are being studied is genetic engineering. Genetic Engineering is the manipulation of DNA to create new DNA. The uses for it could be to change an organism’s eye color or even better prevent the organism from having a specific gene that would make it prone to cancer.

            The studying of genetic engineering began in 1973 when a bacterium was genetically engineered and a year later the organisms were upgraded to mice. Today genetic engineering is used in making medicine, growing crops, and figuring out what every gene in the genomes purpose is.

            Medically, genetic engineering has helped mass-produce insulin, human growth hormones, human albumin (a protein in blood plasma), and much more. There is also promising outcomes with using genetic engineered viruses as vaccines. A virus that is needed as a vaccine will be engineered to no longer have the infectious sequences in its DNA but they are still able to produce an immunity in the organisms, which they are being injected. In mice scientists are figuring out what genes predispose it to diabetes, obesity, heart disease, cancer, and many other diseases. It is being discovered that much of the diseases that affect humans and other organisms are genetically related. Once the genes for a specific disease are located, scientists will be able to find them in humans as well and work on preventing the disease in future generations.

            In agriculture, genetic engineering is being used to make crops that will produce the most crops, and can withstand parasites. This all increases the production of food greatly. As well if crops become resistant to pathogens and parasites genetically there will be no need to use pesticides and fertilizers anymore, making the food even healthier.

            As touched on above, scientists are using genetic engineering to turn off genes and then see what occurs in the organism. Will it be colorless, will it be resistant to certain diseases, or will it be deformed. By turning on and off genes scientists will be able to map the functions of genes in the genome.

            Genetic Engineering has a very promising outlook. It could help many people. However, there is some opposition against it. Some believe that by genetically modifying people a “perfect” race will be created. Any parent could create his/her child to be extremely tall, have an athletic build, and have supermodel looks. Already many countries have kept genetic engineering to be used for only medically and not cosmetic use.

            There is still much research to be done with genetic engineering before it is introduced into humans but the outlook is extremely promising. 

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